FUTURISTIC ARCHITECTURE USA & CANADA: Software systems are getting ever bigger and complicated while their Time to Market (TTM) is shrinking ever shorter.

At the same time the cost of failure for the software implementations is getting higher. From the technology standpoint architecture is the blueprint for the system. Criticality of the architecture piece in the success of any IT system necessitates taking all the precautions getting it done right the first time. IT has established itself as a business enabler and serves as one of the prime drivers for the business growth. This changed business landscape, with its high dependency on IT, demands looking at the architecture development process from a fresh perspective. In this article we will discuss seven of the crucial practices that are important for developing architectures that survive and succeed.



Independent research groups have identified lack of proper communication between the various stakeholders as one of the biggest failure factors for an IT project. The data shows that more than 50% of the projects that failed could have been saved if the folks in the team had taken keen interest in understanding each other. Why there is a lack of effective communication across the team, even when there is a lot of communication going on?

Communication is a vehicle to transfer our thinking among ourselves. We package our thoughts in the vocabulary and language we understand, often ignoring the fact that the receiver might be having her own set of vocabulary and language. The meaning of what has been communicated could change drastically after the receiver converts and translates it into her own terms. IT projects are team driven and creating a common vocabulary could be a daunting task. Given the heterogeneous nature of the IT teams, it is no wonder that the effective communication is a challenge.

At a high level any IT project will involve people from the following groups:

  • Business Managers: They have the vision of the future. They may have directional idea of what has to done but may not be exact about how IT can be an enabler for realizing that vision.
  • Business Users: They know how the business operates and it intricacies, challenges, opportunities, existing environment etc. They will understand the management’s vision in business terms but not the technology that could make it happen.
  • Project Managers: People who will be executing the project once approved and are more concerned about the resources, efforts and timelines. They could have idea of the vision of the Business Managers, but not much knowledge about the functional and technical aspects of the project.
  • Technology People: People who understand the technology and the implementation. They will not have detailed knowledge of the business functions though.

The above descriptions have been framed to make the groups exclusive to highlight the challenges. In actual the team structures and the expertise of the members will vary case to case and may not be this exclusive. As we can observe, each of the groups hold knowledge of one of the critical pieces and lacks knowledge of the other important piece. All the groups must have a common understanding for a project to succeed and to have that they must speak a common language. This poses a big challenge as team members do have different backgrounds, they see the things differently and talk about them differently and have different focus areas. There are natural hurdles for them while communicating with each other. So it will need conscious effort on the parts of the business people to make the technology people understood what they do mean. This can happen only if the business is the language spoken and entire team understands it.

There is another very important aspect to it. Experts who are watching the trends and the tech gurus are settling their minds with the fact that the line between the business and IT is disappearing fast. IT is getting into the DNA of the business rather working in a silo. Business and IT are proliferating into each other’s domains so fast that in near future there will be no space that could be said exclusive to either of them. So that too will necessitate the team to think in the terms of the business.


Last but the most important point is that in the changing business models, IT Service providers are seen as business partners and not just vendors who provide services. Service providers do have stakes in the success or failures of a project beyond the project implementations. Technology solution providers will need to go beyond solving a business problem and actually see the opportunities of improvements proactively. This can happen only if they have a fair understanding of the business and they speak in the language that business people understand.

Here are some practical tips:

  • Give the business user and domain folks all the available time affordable to speak out themselves to the rest of the team
  • Put efforts and have patience until there is a consensus over the understanding
  • Avoid the technology discussions until technology people have some comfort with the business domain
  • Once the technology blue print is available give a walkthrough of the same to the business people, and pay attention to what they have to say, even if it seems not so important
  • Set the agenda for the discussions prior to the meeting – business focus or technology focus, don’t allow the discussion to be hijacked from its agenda
  • It is good to have a few team members who understand both the technology and the business and keep them as a coordinator for the discussions
  • Let technology folks present their understanding back to the business folks and get their understanding verified


Managing the complexity of the IT systems has been one of the prime concerns for the architecture discipline since its inception. The acid test for any futuristic architecture would be its simplicity in solving the complexities. If the architecture doesn’t have that beauty, it will become an added complexity to the already complex business. The architectural best practices in themselves are not the magic wand ensuring the project success. They are just the tools and need to be implemented correctly. If the process has been started right and all the groups are talking in the business language, following would help in formulating an architecture that is not overly complex.

  • Think the architecture component and flows in the terms of business functions and workflows
  • Consider using a product over the custom built tool if possible
  • Think though the integration across the enterprise and beyond to see if it demands an enterprise level service bus
  • Consider asynchronous and batch processes over the real-time processing, if real-time response is not required, asynchronous processes can simulate near real-time results if designed well
  • Use the industry standards for building pieces like security, communication, integration etc. so that they are future ready and flexible
  • Create the high level Reference Architecture blue print and Architecture Guidelines for the enterprise and set the focus for the further evolution of the same


Non Functional Requirements (NFRs) are something that we often tend to ignore in the early stages only to regret later. A project must define its basic non functional features as early as possible and definitely well before any concrete architecture level decisions are made. Considering the non functional aspects of the requirements as an afterthought is always very expensive and many a times even impossible task, as far as the implementing architecture level changes is concerned. Advent of internet, mobile computing and cloud based programming has increased the criticality of NFRs by many folds and had an impact not only over the way the applications are designed and developed but also the way they are tested, deployed, maintained, billed and finally retired. Not giving them the attention they deserve could be potentially disastrous. Identify the non functional requirements for the application from the following areas and consider the results as a vital input to the architecture decision making:

  • Functionality
  • Usability
  • Reliability
  • Performance
  • Security
  • Supportability
  • Interfaces
  • Deployment


At a very high level there are two drivers behind the changes- survival in the highly competitive market and growth. First, the ever changing market demands driving the businesses to accommodate themselves to the market changes quickly. The faster they can do the adjustments, higher the chances of their survival. Second, studies show that businesses need to keep on reinventing themselves in order to grow. Even the technology changes are driven by these two factors. As it is very clear technology in itself can’t make the business survive and grow. It serves as an enabler tool if implemented and leveraged correctly. Sadly it can be a disabler as well.


An ability to absorb changes (be it in the functionality, environment or in an interfacing application) contributes a lot to the success of a software implementation, although there are multiple other factors as well. It is important to note that the flexibility to accommodate to the changes will be getting more and more important and become the prime success factor as the time passes on.

The whole paradigm of architecture discipline has been in a way guided by providing the implementations to be flexible. From the concept of functions, to libraries and multi tier models to SOA, all has evolved to make the various small components work together to make a larger system and increase the life span of the implemented software.

Building for change not only includes the changes in application functionalities rather also a change in the environment, usages patterns, connecting applications and deployment models. Building for change means developing an application as a piece, that can work well together with the others pieces, when all the pieces and the associated environments are changing themselves.

If the NFRs have been analyzed properly they can serve as vital inputs here. Apart from that some pointed “What If” questions should be asked unearthing the hidden change related requirements.

  • What if a major business function needs to be changed?
  • What if a new business function needs to be added?
  • What if the application needs to connect to another application?
  • What if the application needs to be hosted on a different platform?
  • What if the application needs to be exposed to internet or hosted over the cloud?
  • What if the application usages increase by many folds?
  • What if a merger and acquisition necessitates co-existence with a similar application?


More people in the U.S. will access the Internet via mobile devices than through desktop computers or other wired devices by 2015.The researcher predicts sales of all wireless device sales in the U.S. will see an annual growth rate of 16.6% between 2010 and 2015. – IDC Prediction

India’s Internet users will increase fivefold by 2015, and more than three-quarters of them will choose mobile access. – Gartner Report.

The fact of the day is that predictions and survey results like this do not surprise us anymore. Internet has shaped the way businesses are done today. But in the coming future it will shape the way humans live their daily lives. One corollary to these facts is that there will be hardly any significant difference in the business and daily lives as far as their technology underpinning is concerned. It means:

  • People will use multiple devices for achieving the same task
  • Task initiated from one device might get completed from another device
  • Task might continue when user is not online
  • There might be a team behind the task spread globally using not only different devices and service providers but also different languages, cultural preferences etc.
  • People will continue working even when they are not in the office environments
  • Work and social interaction (primarily done through mobile devices) will get integrated together

The architects for the application must ask the questions how much mobility support the application will need. If there are no such requirements for now, is there a possibility that such requirements will emerge in foreseeable future. It is highly likely that if a solution has a future, it has to support mobile devices in one or the other way.


Here is the golden rule- “If there is a better way of doing something, time to do it is now”. There are two alternatives though, we do it at a higher cost later on or worse someone else does it.

The ease that we are talking about here is not limited to the UI rather it embraces the whole gamut of activities like- deployment, hosting, trouble shooting, integration, self help, encapsulation (exposing only what user needs or should see and hiding the rest) and so on. Think through about making it all the self evident or at least easy for all the users not limited to the business users, infrastructure, and support teams. Cost involved may not permit implementing them all but it will always point to the direction we should be taking given the constraints.

Given that ease is not just about the UI, it certainly has its share in the pie. Usability is one of the ignored aspects resulting into one or more of the following:

  • Lot of reworks during the development phase
  • Little acceptance for the application
  • A negative impact on the user productivity
  • Lot many support calls
  • Higher training cost
  • Early retirement of the application

There could be scenarios where a jazzy user interface might be a requirement, e.g., the site selling a multimedia products or an online gaming site. But most of the business applications focus on the capability built into the UI that lets user accomplish their tasks faster, intuitively and makes them more productive. Impressive look is only a secondary requirement for them, more so when it comes at the cost of reduced performance and consumed processing resources. Some tips:

  • Involve the users while designing the UI and get their sign off on the same
  • Keep the navigation and workflows aligned with the business processes
  • Leverage UI Modeling tools to build the prototype
  • Expect changes and keep room for the same
  • In some cases users might be attached to their older ways and reluctant in adapting what is new even if it helps, it is OK to advocate for the change in those cases
  • Keep the UI decoupled from the business layer so that both can be worked out independently
  • Leverage methodologies for UI development that allows changes in the UI with little efforts
  • Design proactive validations rather reactive (e.g., list box instead of a text box)
  • Provide more than one ways to do the same thing
  • Always give an option to roll-back changes
  • Provide context sensitive help


Advent of internet, Web Services and Cloud Computing has changed the way the products are priced and sold. Licensing models based on the number of users are soon to be replaced by the activated features and usage based licensing models. Cloud based applications and applications serving to the handheld devices have to follow a different licensing model from a standard client server application. If the application exposes or consumes services it may have to charge for or share the profits. At first glance relationship between the application architecture and the pricing model may seem obscure. But there is a significant relationship nevertheless. The participating applications and services need to capture the information regarding usages and exceptions etc. accurately not only for billing and troubleshooting but also to meet the legal compliances. There could be cases where a vendor fails in making a sell or to do the sell at a lower cost just because the product didn’t support a proper mechanism for enabling-disabling application features. Consider the scenario when business notices that some of the selected capabilities of their flagship product can be actually exposed as services increasing their profits by many folds just to realize that the application can’t be made to support capturing the usages information. Or think of the scenario where a hot selling application is asked by a customer to support the mobile devices as well.

Apart from providing the blue print for the application for the as of now technology platform and billing modes architecture should also consider its future as a mobile or cloud supported application that might have to support totally different billing modes.


A sound architecture is the backbone of any software system. The architects need to learn from the past experiences, both successes and failures, and consider them for their architectures so that it stands the test of the time. This article discussed the following architectural practices that are crucial for the success of the IT systems being developed.

  • Think in the terms of business while planning the technology implementations
  • Avoid overcomplicating the architecture
  • Give attention to the non functional requirements
  • Implement flexibility considering the change as an inevitable aspect
  • Plan for supporting mobile devices
  • Put efforts to make it convenient for all the user groups
  • Accommodate for the upcoming innovative pricing models

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Radharaman_Mishra/1350011

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Motorola Business Online

Motorola Business Online: More and more small businesses today are using online business directories to their benefit.

If you run a small business, you likely spend a great deal of your time thinking about your marketing plan. online business directories can be a great addition to your current small business marketing strategy. Those sites can help your small business expand its website traffic, increase the likelihood that your website will be found by interested visitors and increase your bottom line. If you haven’t taken a look at those directories and considered how your small business could use them to increase its market presence, then now is the time to start!

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What Are Online Business Directories?

There are many different types of online business directories available on the Internet. Each of these sites serves a specific purpose and can be used by your small business in specific ways.

An online business directory is a website submission service that allows your small business’ website to be added to a specific category where it can be searched for by interested visitors. Listing your small business on an online business directory increases your website’s visibility on the web and helps to create inbound links to your business’ website. This places make it easy for people to find what they are looking for. These directories can be accessed from just about anywhere that has an internet connection. This means that people could find your business’ website from their home, office or even while traveling.

Every website that is submitted to an online business directory is placed in a specific category. These categories can range in how they are organized. Some are organized by business-related categories, some are organized according to personal preferences and others are organized by subject. Each category consists of several websites relating to a specific topic. Each website listing features the name of the website, a direct link to the website and a short description of the website. Interested Internet visitors will be able to browse through the various categories in the directory and locate websites like yours that they may be interested in visiting. Essentially, those places make it easier for any visitor to find your business’ website.

How Do Online Business Directories Work?

The concept of online business directories is actually a pretty simple one. These webistes are very similar to the Yellow Pages in the real world, only these listings are only online. (Actually Yellow Pages.com is now one of the largest online directories as well.) A directory is just a listing place for a number of websites. Any type of website could be listed in an online business directory. Some directories are huge and cover every topic that someone could create a website for, while others are very small and specific to a specific niche.

Motorola Business Online

Let’s use an example. Say you are a model airplane enthusiast and you want to find some websites that cater to your specific interest. You could look through a huge online business directory such as Google My Business and find several dozen websites that are related to model airplanes. Or you could look for an online business directory that is niche-specific, which means that the entire online business directory would be based on hobbies such as model airplanes. With a niche-specific directory you may find even more websites that are based on your specific interest than what you could find on the larger directories.

Since online business directories are organized by categories, finding websites that relate to a specific interest such as model airplanes is very easy. You could find information and websites about model airplanes in your local region too, if you use a regional-specific online business directory. So if you live in Phoenix you could find websites that relate to both model airplanes and the Phoenix area. These places will direct you to websites that you want to find. All you have to do is perform a search in the online business directory for a specific topic or browse through the various categories until you find the type of websites you are looking for. When you perform a search you will be given a list of all of the websites that relate to your search term. You will be presented with a number of links to these websites and each link will have a short description of what you are likely to find on the website. You can read the descriptions and choose to click on the website that best suits you.

There are many different types of websites that you could find under a specific topic as well. For example, if you search several of those sites for information relating to model airplanes you may find websites that are about building model airplanes, flying model airplanes, creating historically accurate model planes, tips and instructions about how to fly model planes, websites that sell model airplanes and charters and associations that you could join regarding model airplanes. These are just a few of the examples you could find using an online business directory. There are simply too many topics to list them all here.

You can see how anyone can use an online business directory to find websites relating to things that interest them. As a small business owner you can see how potential customers of yours are using those web sites too. Now that you understand how online business directories work it is time to see how they can work for your business.

How Do Online Business Directories Benefit Small Businesses?

There are many benefits associated with listing your small business in an online business directory. The more directories you can use to list your business the more benefits you will reap. Here are some of the benefits of using online business directories:

  • Exposure

Exposure is important for all business marketing strategies. After all, the more people who are exposed to your business the more people are likely to utilize your business’ services. If online visitors aren’t able to see your website or even know that it exists, then they probably aren’t going to purchase your products or services. Listing your business’ website in those sites helps your website to gain exposure. Thousands of people use these websites every day to find things they are interested in. These are people who are actively searching for websites that are directly related to your products or services. They are already looking- all you have to do is make it easy for them to find you. These sites will expose your business to more online visitors, which could increase traffic to your website.

  • Increased Traffic

There are several ways that these directories can help you increase the amount of traffic your website receives. For starters, the more exposure your website has the more people are likely to visit it. But these websites offer more than just exposure from potential viewers. They also offer exposure to the various major search engine crawlers like Google and even YouTube. This increases the chances that your website will appear on major search engine results pages, or SERPs, which will allow more people to see the website when they perform a regular search. Both search engine optimization exposure and exposure to more people who are searching for your website could result in increased traffic to your small business’ website.

  • Cheap Advertising

As a small business owner you already understand the importance of advertising. You know that it helps customers to find your business and recognize your name and brand. You probably have little room in your budget for more advertising right this moment. That is one of the major benefits of listing your business’ website in an online business directory. Online business directories are inexpensive to join and they offer a lot of exposure for the price. Some of these sites will allow you to list your business for free, while others will charge a minimal fee. Either way, you are getting a lot of exposure for far less money than you would spend on a TV or radio advertisement spot.

  • Professional Appearance

You want everything about your business to look professional in the eyes of your customers. A professional appearance enhances your status and makes customers more likely to patronize your business. Online directories help you to look like a professional business. When an online consumer sees your business listing in an online business directory, they will consider your business to be an authority on the subject and a professional place to do business. Unlike a search that is performed on a major search engine like Google, where there is little difference between the legitimate websites relating to a topic and the less than useful websites, those places are mostly legitimate websites. Online consumers are more likely to trust what they see on such sites.

Motorola Business Online

  • SEO Benefits

Online business directories offer several search engine optimization benefits as well. Firstly, these directories offer you more inbound links. When an online visitor sees your website link in an online business directory, they will be able to click on it and be instantly re-directed to your website. This is a great way to increase traffic. It is a great way to improve your status in the eyes of search engine crawlers too. The more backlinks that a search engine crawler can find, the more relevant they will rank your website. This is especially true of authoritative sites. Being linked to a major online business directory, such as Google My Business, will give your website more relevancy in the eyes of Google’s search engine crawlers. This will result in a higher page ranking on the SERP. As you know, a higher search engine result page rank you get, the more people are going to click on your website link.

  • Increased Revenue

When more people are able to find your website it increases the chances that they will visit your website. When people visit your website they are more likely to purchase your goods or services. This means that these sites can help you increase your revenue stream. Online business directories are good for your bottom line.

  • Increased Brand Recognition and Customer Interaction

When an online viewer locates your website though an online business directory, they are more likely to remember your business’s name and directly interact with it. Online business directories can help your business stand out to customers as well. Overall, listing your small business in an online business directory will help you to create a more comprehensive and effective online presence.

Listing your small business’ website with several online business directories will help more people find your website, whether they are specifically searching for it or if they are just browsing. In addition to gaining exposure, appearing on those sites will provide major SEO benefits, which will help search engines find your site. Increased exposure and higher search engine rankings will result in more traffic to your website, which will result in higher revenue.

There are many different types of online business directories, from large global directories to small, niche and location-specific ones. Some examples of other types of online directories can include reciprocal link directories, free directories, paid directories, Business 2 Business directories, theme-related directories, small business directories and many, many more.

Why You Should Consider Listing Your Small Business in an Online Directory

Apart from the concept that online business directories will increase the amount of exposure your website gets and help with your SEO strategies, they are also a very effective way to directly target potential customers. Places like those make it easy for online users to find something they want. According to a study performed by Burke, 8 out of 10 people will use a print or online business directory to find companies or products they are looking for. The same study also suggested that 8 out of 10 people who use these directories to locate a business do so with the intent to purchase a product or service from them. This is a very effective form of targeted advertising. The customer already needs or wants your product or service and you can directly target them by listing your website in an online business directory.

Another reason why you should consider listing your small business has to do with your return on investment, or ROI. Since the potential benefits of getting increased website traffic are great compared to how much you will have to spend to list your website in an online business directory, you can see a great return on your investment in the form of increased revenue. You also want to keep your brand and your company name in the minds of consumers at all times, which is something else that an online business directory can help with.

What Online Business Directories Should You Use for Your Small Business?

Even though listing your website in many online business directories will improve your website’s exposure and SEO ranking, it is not effective to just SPAM your website into every single online business directory you can find. You will want to take some time to consider which specific site will give you the best ROI. The best option is to find a great combination of directories to join. If you run a small business, the best place to start may be with a local directory. This is because most people will search for businesses in their area they can patronize. Local market and niche-specific online directories can offer extremely targeted advertisements to potential local customers.

After your business is listed in these directories you can take a look at the larger and potentially more expensive general-interest directories. You will probably want to consider listing with the top 10-15 online business directories, as these will be used by a lot of people and will offer higher relevancy and authority in the eyes of search engines. Google My Business and LinkedIn are large general-interest directories that you will want to list your small business in. If your website sells tangible goods you may also want to consider listing it in comparison shopping websites and product listings directories. Studies show that 42% of consumers will look at a comparison shopping website before they decide to purchase a specific product.

Motorola Business Online

The best way to figure out which specific directories your small business should be listed in is to start with your competitors. Take a look at your local and niche-specific options and figure out if your competition is already listed. If they are you need to be listed too. If they are not listed you may want to list your website as a way to beat them to the punch. In some situations it may not make sense for you to have a listing in a specific online business directory, even if your competitors are listed in it. Your goal should be to be listed in every relevant and niche-specific directory you can find as well as many of the major directories, but no so many directories that you appear SPAMMY.

In addition to listing your business in online business directories, you also need to maintain these listings. It is important for your online business directory listings to be up to date and accurate, or else you could just be wasting your time. If your directory information seems out of date your customers will probably look elsewhere.

It will probably take some time to see the results of listing your small business’ website in so many online sites, but eventually you will see results. The best way to find the perfect combination of online business directory listings for your business is to use some sort of tracking or analytics system. You will want to be able to see how many people clicked on your website links from within the directory and if your website has shown increased traffic since then. You will want to stop wasting your time with online directories that are not producing results and increase the time and effort you spend on sites that are productive.

Best Practices for Listing Your Small Business in Online Business Directories

Now that you understand why your small business should be listed in online business directories and have started locating the directories that you want to be listed in, you are ready to begin creating your business listings for submissions. Here are some tips and best practices for listing your small business in those directories.

  • Start by choosing local directories and directories that are niche-specific. So if you own a model airplane hobby shop in Phoenix, make sure you find a local Phoenix business directory and a directory that is related to model airplanes. If you can find a model airplane hobby directory for the Phoenix area, you are all set.
  • Once you’re in local directories, start searching for larger and more generalized directories. Pick directories that get a lot of traffic and that are listed highly on major search engines like Google. A higher search engine ranking means that the directory will be considered as both authoritative and relevant in the eyes of search engines, making any links you get through these directories more valuable to your SEO strategy.
  • Include all of the relevant information regarding your small business in your website’s directory description. This should include your business’ name, location, telephone number, contact information and possibly reviews, business hours and anything else that is relevant. Add in photos, maps or other interactive features if the directory lets you.
  • Try to keep your information consistent across all of your online business directory listings. This will help your website to retain its credibility in the eyes of search engines and will assist with your SERP rankings.
  • Try to make your business stand out by offering an explanation of your business or any specific message the customer should know in your description.
  • Keep all of your information up to date. This may mean frequently updating all of your listings several times per month.
  • Allow customers to leave positive reviews and use them in your listing if the directory allows it.
  • Always be professional and consistent with your business’ listings and message. This includes any information regarding your brand.
  • If you sell products or services to a local market, make sure your business is listed in a local business directory. Include geo-specific keywords and information. An example would be: “Dave’s Model Plane Shop” + “Phoenix”.
  • Optimize your website for SEO purposes and include the relevant keywords in your meta titles and listing descriptions. Keyword research is important.

Get Listed in the Top 10-15 Online Business Directories

Now is a great time to get your small business listed in the Top 10-15 sites. There are few other Internet marketing techniques that will offer so many benefits for such a small investment on your part. Listing your business in an online business directory will increase your website’s online presence and help more people find you, which can help you increase your business’s revenue.

For more articles on Internet Business and Internet Marketing, please visit my blog:

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Andre_Wolfgang_Klein/849299

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Online Criminal Justice Degree

Online Criminal Justice Degree: Enrolling in an online criminal justice degree program can get you started in a career that is exciting and meaningful.

Criminal Justice Careers

The criminal justice field offers a wide variety of careers- from local level law enforcement to State and Federal agencies and private sector law enforcement. A career in law enforcement will allow you to make a difference whether you are a youth probation officer or an FBI agent.

Online Criminal Justice Degree

One of the things that attract people to online criminal justice programs is their desire to help people. Often criminal justice is the second career for those who have found their first career to be unsatisfying. Entering the criminal justice field is an important step. An online degree program in criminal justice can get you there.

Some of the more common criminal justice occupations are described in short below. The usual educational requirements needed for each job is listed. For further information, you may want to refer to the U.S. Department of Labor website and check out the Occupational Outlook Handbook for specific jobs.

Corrections Officer- Corrections officers work in jails, penitentiaries, and prisons with persons convicted of crimes or who have been arrested and are awaiting trial. Most work in State and Federal facilities with inmates. Prison workers in most State and all Federal prisons must attend college (States 2-4 years, Federal 4 years) and have previous related job experience to be considered for employment. Localities may or may not require any college. There are many criminal justice degree programs online.

Crime Scene Investigator- A crime scene investigator gathers and analyzes evidence at crime scenes. They must be trained in investigative procedures including finding, handling and preserving crime evidence. Some investigators are trained in forensic science and some are sworn police officers. Most crime scene investigators are graduates of 4 year criminal justice programs. There are also associates degree programs. Both are offered online.

ATF Agent- An Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms Special Agent works for the Federal agency ATF to investigate criminal violations relating to explosives, firearms, arson, alcohol and tobacco. These agents are also involved in preventing and fighting terrorism and investigate unexplained explosions and bombings. Qualifications are very stringent regarding physical and mental fitness and character. There are several grades of special agents, requiring from 4 years of college at the least to a masters degree. Previous investigative experience is also required.

Court Reporter- Court reporters are responsible for the word for word transcript of court and other legal proceedings. There are several accepted means of recording, each which require specialized training. Education required is 1 to 2 years, depending on recording method. Court reporters must have attended programs that have been approved by the National Court Reporters Association (NCRA). There are several online programs approved by the NCRA.

Online Criminal Justice Degree

Probation Officer- A probation officer and the related occupation parole officer supervise and monitor the activities of offenders who have been placed on probation or parole. Both work with offenders to create probation or post release plans and then evaluate their progress. Both have the goal of rehabilitating an offender and returning the offender to society. Probation and parole officers need a 4-year college degree at the minimum. There are online programs that will fulfill this requirement.

Police Officer- Police officers work for local and State police departments. Their job is to enforce the law and to protect the citizens in their jurisdictions. The duties of a police officer vary, but generally they respond to calls for assistance, arrest offenders, gather evidence, testify in court and maintain the security of their community. Most police officers are now required to complete at least two years of college in a criminal justice program as well as complete additional training after being hired. Online programs exist to fill this need.

Online Criminal Justice Degrees Available

We depend on those in the criminal justice system to keep us safe. Education and training is vital to developing and maintaining the skills necessary to perform well in these occupations. Although the above list is incomplete, it is clear that an online criminal justice degree would serve to complete the educational requirements for most occupations in the field. Whether you need an associates, bachelors, or masters degree, there is an online program for you.

Finding the right online criminal justice degree program will take some research. There are several good websites that can direct you to online criminal justice programs.

Some tips: Make sure the online college programs you are interested in will meet your needs. Find out which courses are offered and if they will be useful in the occupation you have chosen. Compare costs, as they vary greatly from school to school. Take a virtual tour online and talk directly to an admissions representative. After comparing several programs, choose the school that seems to be the best fit for you and that will help you meet your professional and personal goals.

Good luck in your search and as you start on the path to your career in criminal justice.

By Laurie Jerome-Pertilla

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Personal Injury Lawyers

Personal Injury Lawyers: Now it is very important to search for the most experienced and professional lawyer who through his or her skills will make a strong case. By this the chances of winning a case become evident and you can get exactly the type of compensation you deserve.

Personal Injury Lawyers

Now first of all, it is important to find a competitive personal injury lawyer who is going to estimate accurately the extent of injury and then calculate the amount of compensation required. Depending on the degree of injury and its consequences a lawyer files the case according to it. In this process of search you can also seek the free advice available from many attorneys as this will exactly determine the type of lawyer you want for your case.

You can also search online for the potential lawyers; this will help in strengthening your case as you will be equipped with all the necessary information. There are various directories online which provide the list of competent and skilled lawyers. You can also read the user reviews and the history of a particular lawyer. This will help you in choosing the apt personal injury lawyer.

Personal injury lawyers have ample knowledge of various branches of law but their specialization is in the tort law. Tort law focuses on the mistakes of civil actions and wrong doings which are interrelated. The lawyers put maximum efforts towards solving the case and save the clients from the expense and time wasted on court visits.

Another significant effort by the lawyers is that, they try hard to make possible claims and compensations from less effort and time. All they have to do is put their capabilities and skills focused on the relevant case and solve it efficiently. It is also the responsibility of the client to act wisely and consider the advice of lawyer seriously. This will help together in making the case a success. The basic point is to save money and time to the maximum extent possible and manage a potential case.

It is very important to file a strong lawsuit as this will make your stance more clear and determined. You have to be independent and considerate while suffering from the injury and case process. After you hire an experienced lawyer you can focus towards the betterment of your health. This will save you greatly from the stress and pressure of other party and insurance company if involved.

You need to have your separate demands and stay firm on that if you are right and demanding according to the law. This can be done more effectively if you have hired a personal injury lawyer.

Personal injury lawyers are experienced and know how to settle a handsome or at least a satisfactory compensation. Most of the people ignore lawyers due to their fees and other charges of the case.

But if you a hire a lawyer and fight your case you might get more than you though of or expected rather doing it alone. Lawyers also share the whole scenario and different complexities of the case which determine the course of case. The benefits and importance of hiring a potential personal injury lawyer are much broader then they seem to be especially in the long run. So it is wise to fight the case with the support of your lawyer rather being alone and coming under the pressure of the other party and their lawyers.

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Motor Insurance Quotes BEST!

Motor Insurance Quotes: Are you looking to get a motor insurance quote? In this article, we will look at a few options that can help you find the best motor insurance quote. Don’t get a quote on your motor, until you read this latest article. Inside, you will discover the best methods to save a lot of money!

There are motor insurance quotes and then there are motor insurance quotes! Prices can be cheap or they can be very expensive. However, with the right kind of research, you can find some amazing options.

Motor Insurance Quotes Best!

So, let us begin. The first thing to researching is to remember that the more range of choices you have, the more options you have to have the price that is right.

The first method to finding a good range of car insurance quotes, is to go through one of the auto magazines. There are a few, which will have adverts for some great places that you can get a good motor insurance quote.

Remember, don’t go for the first place you see. Instead, go through a few, and get prices. With this method, you can find the best motor insurance quote.

The other method to consider is to look around town. Often you will see billboards with an advertisement from an insurer. I have found some of the best quotes with this method.

Television, and radio, and even tabloids can all be great ways to find the best offers.

Motor Insurance Quotes

With a pen and paper close at hand, you can often find a great place to get a car insurance quote from. Just keep searching. However, what happens if you need something fast, and can’t wait for a billboard poster with the right insurer to come along?

I have found a simpler method that works, and that is to go on the internet. There are many insurers with web sites, and I have found that this is a great method for research.

If you go through phoning places, you can get frustrated with waiting for a call operator to come on the phone. Then you have to provide your details. Then you get the quote, and then decide what to do.

Often people get the insurance once they get the quote. There are better ways, and the internet is the way to go.

Online, you can find some great offers, and there are some great benefits with going online to find a motor insurance quote.

On the internet, you can find that you have the choice to get a motor insurance quote. You don’t have to wait for someone to get on the phone, and many places allow you to buy insurance online.

The result is immense, and if you need to get a quote, then the internet is the best place to find the best prices, while cutting down the research time to find the best.

So, it can be a bit hard to find a good quote, however, there are some places that you can go to. If you want an easy and free way to get a quote, there are a places to check out, to get the best quote, and save hundreds in the process.

Knowledge is power, it is said. So, a great place to visit to compare prices and find the best, is to go to online insurance quotes [http://www.cheapcarinsuranceintheuk.info/Online-Car-Insurance-Quotes.html] and cheap car insurance [http://www.cheapcarinsuranceintheuk.info/].

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Criminal lawyer Miami

Criminal lawyer Miami: Criminal lawyers are the ones who specialize in dealing with cases involving individuals or organizations with criminal allegations to their name. The main aim of the best criminal lawyers is to help their clients form such a strategic legal defense so that there is no scope of losing the case. Regardless of the criminal offences a person is charged with, hiring the top criminal lawyers of the city will definitely pay off for the good of the respective client.

Criminal lawyer Miami

Importance of criminal lawyers

Criminal defense lawyers are always ready to help their clients in case they are charged with any sort of criminal offence. Since they are experts in their field of knowledge, they are able to provide high quality service to clients who need them. There are 24 hour criminal law firms that suggest best lawyers to people, as per their needs.

The criminal defense lawyers study the case presented to them thoroughly and look for any loopholes in their favor. Then they use these strong points and form a good argument to be presented in the court at the time of hearing. With their experience and skill, they are able to help people charged with criminal offence to win the case in court.

How to get good criminal lawyers

It is not necessary that all lawyers you contact are extremely good in their field. To hire the services of the top lawyers of the city or the country, you must conduct a detailed research on the performance history of 24 hour criminal law firms. These criminal law firms must have the top notch lawyers who are highly experienced and are dedicated in their field of work and whose main goal is to satisfy their clients better than any other criminal defense lawyer.

Providing the best criminal defense service does not mean that top criminal lawyers should charge extremely high rates for their services. Besides delivering high quality service to clients charged with criminal offences, these talented lawyers must also see that they do not put a financial burden on their clients.

All lawyers must also try to explain the legal aspects of the case to their clients and not try to fool them. It is important that people understand how their lawyer is fighting for the case so that they can provide necessary help whenever required. Communication must be rock solid and useful to both lawyer as well as client. Expertise is the key to look out for, while hiring a lawyer in Miami.

In a nutshell, criminal lawyers help people win criminal cases but only if they are extremely skilled in their field of knowledge.

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Data Recovery Raid

Data Recovery Raid: RAID stands for (Redundant Array of Independent Disks), this technology has been around for a lot of years and is being relied on more heavily by business for storing vast amounts of data. Data grows at an alarming rate and needs to be store somewhere, for those of you that do not already know RAID systems are a lot better with read/write speeds then normal drives and offer better protection (tolerance) when the drive fails. In today’s market this is very important as businesses are continually trying to find solutions to help them keep their data safe. The increased fault tolerance of RAID drives can be a deciding factor on what to store their data on. Fault tolerance refers to the drives ability to keep operating when a hardware fault occurs; this also applies to software failure.

Data Recovery Raid

But what happens when a RAID 5 drives encounters a critical failure? A lot of technicians and people with in your business will tell you that it is un-recoverable and the difference between a RAID system faulting and a standard system faulting is that the former can really cripple a company; this is because RAID systems are business critical.

So if you do encounter a critical fault and are told the data is not recoverable, this is not true! People need to be aware that RAID drives can be recovered and critical data can be retrieved, this is a different process that must be undertaken but it is possible, there are many companies that specialise in RAID recovery.

If you are in need of this service check out our product pages, they contain many companies that specialise in this. Wesley Clarke writes about RAID Data Recovery. Visit the Businessmagnet product page for details and suppliers of RAID Data Recovery.

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Futuristic Architecture

Futuristic Architecture: There is a famous quote that goes something like this; “the future isn’t what it used to be,” and although that is a very funny statement, it’s also quite true. You see, not more than 10 years ago I was able to purchase several decades of Popular Science and Popular Mechanics magazines at a garage sale no doubt.

As I went through each one of them, it was interesting as to what the artist’s conceptions had predicted and considered our future might look like today. Of course, it doesn’t look anything like that, but it could.

Futuristic Architecture

Perhaps the future with new materials it might as cars, boats, trucks, and motorcycles could all be flying vehicles instead – stronger than steel and 50 times lighter. It wouldn’t take much power to get them airborne, or keep them that way. Buildings could be built higher with less cost, less steel and concrete, and much safer easily able to comply with earthquake building codes out here in California, or the very difficult building codes in New York City for instance.

Many of those pictures and stories are still in my mind from perusing all of those old magazines. In fact, this article couldn’t possibly do that justice, but I wish I could download my mind so you could see what I’ve seen, to see those images, and how my mind has built upon them. Maybe you can look at some of those old magazine articles in 2-D online somewhere, I think there is a website that has some of those old pictures and stories. But better yet wouldn’t be great if we could bring it all to life in 3-D hologram models for all to see?

Futuristic Architecture

There is an interesting YouTube Video Titled; “Architecture & Design, pt.4 – Antonio Sant’Elia,” which depicts this famous architect’s drawings and work prior to his death. He was amongst the first and one of the most well-known “Futurist Style” architects of Italy during his day.

This might give you some idea what I’m talking about, and with new materials we could bring many of these things to life not only in 3-D holograms, but also in real buildings, inhabited by real people, or with real businesses inside. Yes, “the future isn’t what it used to be,” but that doesn’t mean in the future it couldn’t be? Perhaps we just need to dream bigger, consider the ideas and concepts which have come before us, and then take them all to the next level. That’s all I’m saying here, and I hope you will please consider all this and think on it.

Lance Winslow has launched a new provocative series of eBooks on Innovation in America. Lance Winslow is a retired Founder of a Nationwide Franchise Chain, and now runs the Online Think Tank; http://www.worldthinktank.net

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Better Conference Calls Tips & Tricks!

Better Conference Calls: Conference calls are not the most exciting of activities to participate in.

Normal face to face meetings are usually as boring as they are and when you have to join a meeting where you have to deal with only voices on the other end of a telephone, things can become dull. Even video conferencing can be mind-numbing.

Better Conference Calls Tips & Tricks

However, there are ways to make sure that the conference calling goes on without having half the participants yawning within the first few minutes. The idea is to keep the conference well-organized and take control of the situation.

* Noise levels need to be lowered.

Any sound is amplified over the speaker phone. A fan can sound like a raging wind, and the sound of paper shuffling can be painful to the ear. Problems related to noise can be minimized by making sure that all participants are reminded to keep their noise levels down. Advise all participants to keep their line on mute unless it is their turn to speak.

* Speak slowly.

During conference calls, everyone needs to speak slightly slower than normal. This is especially useful during video or web-based conferences. There are times when the audio is slightly off with the video and speaking slower than normal can help people understand what the speaker is saying better.

* Do not interrupt.

There is nothing more frustrating during conference calls than to have people cutting each other off. People having their own conversations while someone else is speaking can also be irritating. Make sure that there is a moderator who has the leadership role and can stop any side conversations as they start.

* Stick to the agenda.

The moderator needs to control the situation. When a discussion is going off topic, the participants need to be notified. Nobody wants to be stuck in a call that lasts hours and hours. It is important that everyone sticks to the agenda, speaks briefly and to the point, and any topics that come up on the fly need to be nipped in the bud.

* Take conference calls seriously.

Better Conference Calls Tips & Tricks

Call conferencing is as important as any face to face meeting and needs to be regarded as such. Because participants are not physically face to face, some may tend to find excuses not to be present or join in late. It is important that all participants are reminded of the need for the calls. It is also important to keep things on schedule so that no one loses interest on the next call. If participants know that the call will start and end on time, they will be more likely to participate with enthusiasm.

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Cheap Car Insurance in Virginia

Cheap Car Insurance in Virginia: If you are a new resident in Virginia Beach, Virginia there is one aspect of car insurance in this City that may surprise you. Car insurance isn’t mandatory here and if you pay a $500 Uninsured Motor Vehicle Fee you can register and operate a motor vehicle without any insurance at all. This isn’t suggested and the results of being in a car accident can be devastating financially if you’ve put yourself in this position.

A much better and safer alternative is to secure cheap car insurance in Virginia Beach, Virginia. Although it may seem impossible to find adequate cover at a good rate, it’s not nearly as difficult as you may think.

Cheap Car Insurance in Virginia

One aspect of their lives that many people fail to associate with car insurance is being in a car pool. If you take part in a car pool for work and you drive less than two or three times a week this should be brought up with your car insurance agent. Many companies offer a discount for drivers who travel less than a prescribed number of miles per year. If you fall into this category, your premiums may drop. The same is true if you switch positions and drive a shorter distance than you used to. If you find yourself being in the car less of the time, it’s worth finding out about any mileage discounts.

Also ask your car insurance company if they pay a loyalty bonus. The most important resource that any car insurance company has is their clients. If your policy comes up for renewal and you decide to stick with the same company, as if there is a reward for that gesture. You may be surprised to see how much of a discount they’ll be willing to offer and if they don’t, consider getting quotes from a few competing companies just to see where your regular company fits in, price wise (Cheap Car Insurance in Virginia ).

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